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LE VERBE | THE VERB

LE VOCABULARIE: LE VERBE

THE VOCABULARY-THE VERB

Par le explicacion de le posible conjugacions de le verbe, nosotres visere un exemple concrete, le verbe laborer:

For the explanation of possible conjugations of the verb, we will focus on a concrete example, the verb “to work”: laborer.

FORME TIPOLOGIE MODE TEMPO ASPECT ACCION
Laborer Nominal Infinitive -- Simple --
Labored Verbal Participie Past Perfective --
Laborend Verbal GerundiePresent Imperfective Continue
Labore Verbal Indicative Intemporal Habitual --
Laborend Verbal Indicative Present Imperfective Continue
Labored Verbal Indicative Past Perfective --
Laboreva Verbal Indicative Past Imperfective Continue
Laborere Verbal IndicativeFuture -- --
Laborerie Verbal Condicional -- Hipotetik --
Laborez /Z Verbal Invitative/Imperative -- -- --
Laboret, LaboreNominal (pacient) -- -- -- --
Laborent Nominal (agent) -- -- -- --
Labored AdjetiveAdjetive-- -- --

Formes composed con verbes auxiliar

Tot le verbes composed es perfective. Le verbes auxiliar par le construction de le formes composed es clasified en le siguiente tabule:

Composed forms with auxiliary verbs

All composed forms are perfective. The auxiliary verbs for the construction of the composed forms are classified in the following table:

Verbes Auxiliar
Active
HAVER
TENER
Pasive
ESER/SER
STAR
 (intrinsek)(extrinsek)

Por rason de le dificultie de le parlantes de numerose linguas par diferencier le verbes eser et star et haver et tener, le verbes star et tener es acepted pero su use no es obligatorie.

Por exemple,

  • Esencial/ intemporal/ intrinsek: Ie es negre  
  • Circunstancial/ extrinsek: Ie sta negre

Conjugacions de le verbe “haver”:

Due to the difficulty of the speakers of numerous languages to distinguish between different meanings of “be” and “have” (like the Spanish does with “ser” and “estar”, or with “haber” and “tener”), the verbs estar and tener are accepted but not compulsory.

For instance,

  • Essential /timeless/ intrinsic: Ie es negre  
  • Circumstantial/ extrinsic: Ie sta negre

“Haver" verb conjugations:

FORME TIPOLOGIE MODE TEMPO ASPECT ACCION
Haver
Nominal
Infinitive
--
Simple
--
Haved
Verbal
Participe
Past
Perfective
--
Havend
Verbal
Gerundie
Present
Imperfective
Continue
Have/Ha
Verbal
Indicative
Intemporal
--
--
Havend
Verbal
Indicative
Present
Imperfective
Continue
Haveva
Verbal
Indicative
Past
Imperfective
Continue
Havere
Verbal
Indicative
Future
--
--
Haverie
Verbal
Condicional
--
Hipotetik
--
Havez/Z
Verbal
Invitative / Imperative
--
--
--
Havet
Nominal (pacient)
--
--
--
--
Havent
Nominal (agent)
--
--
--
--

Conjugacions de le verbe “eser/ser”:

 “Eser/ser” verb conjugations:

FORME TIPOLOGIE MODE TEMPO ASPECT ACCION
Ser
Nominal
Infinitie
--
Simple
--
Sed
Verbal
Participe
Past
Perfective
--
Send
Verbal
Gerundie
Present
Imperfective
Continue
Es /Is
Verbal
Indicative
Intemporal
--
--
Send
Verbal
Indicative
Present
Imperfective
Continue
Seva
Verbal
Indicative
Past
Imperfective
Continue
Sere
Verbal
Indicative
Future
--
--
Serie
Verbal
Condicional
--
Hipotetik
--
Sez / Z
Verbal
Invitative / Imperative
--
--
--
Set
Nominal (paciente)
--
--
--
--
Sent
Nominal (agent)
--
--
--
--

Exemples de verbes composed en primere persone singular: aux+ laborer. Voce active

Examples of composed verbs in first person of the singular: aux + laborer. Active voice

Verbes composed con le auxiliar “haver”
Preterite perfecte Ie have labored
Preterite imperfecteIe haveva labored
Preterite plusperfecte Ie haved labored
Future perfecte Ie havere labored
Condicional composed Ie haverie labored


Verbes composed con le auxiliar “haver+eser”
Preterite perfecte composedIe have sed labored
Preterite imperfecte composed Ie haveva sed labored
Preterite pluserfecte composedIe haved sed labored
Future perfecte composed Ie havere sed labored
Condicional composed continue Ie haverie sed labored


Verbes composed con le auxiliar “eser”
Present continueIe es laborend
Preterite continueIe sed laborend
Preterite imperfecte continueIe seva laborend
Future continueIe sere laborend
Condicional continue Ie serie laborend

 

Exemples de verbes composed en primere persone singular: aux + viser. Voce pasive Examples of composed verbs in first person of the singular: aux + viser (to see).Passive voice
Verbes composed con le auxiliar “eser”
PresentIe es vised
Past Ie sede vised
Past imperfecte Ie seva vised
Future Ie sere vised
CondicionalIe serie vised


Verbes composed con le auxiliar “haver+eser”
Perfecte Ie have sed vised
Imperfecte Ie haveva sed vised
Plusperfecte Ie haved sed vised
Future perfecte Ie havere sed vised
Condicional composed Ie haverie sed vised

Construccion de formes verbal

Le persone (a diferencie de otre linguas), es externe a le verbe et pove ser marked avant or detras per un pronome. De este maniere, por exemple, le siguiente formes es posible:

  • Ie have labore
  • Labore have ie

Verbal forms construction

The person, unlike in other languages, is external to the verb and can be marked ahead or behind with a pronoun. Thus, for example, the following forms are possible:

  • Ie have labore
  • Labore have ie

Particules postpositive de le grupe verbal

En much linguas, no have distinción de tempos verbal, solament de aspects. Le aspects es marked per particules postpositive.

Por exemple, en chinese le siguiente particules indik si un verbe es perfective or imperfective:

  • Le – Perfective
  • Guò- Imperfective

Verbal groups postpositive particles

In many languages, there is no distinction of verbal tenses, they distinguish aspects, and this is marked by using postpositive particles.

For instance, in Chinese the following particles indicate if a verb is perfective or imperfective:

  • Le- Perfective
  • Guò- Imperfective
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